Autumn is here and winter is just around the corner. So, now is the time for prepare your property for the cold weather.
Drainage pipes can be at greater risk of blockages, and water pipes can freeze when temperatures plummet, causing loss of supply, flood risk, and expensive damage.
Pipework within your property boundary is your responsibility. Spending time on simple protection measures could help you avoid trouble and expense during cold weather.
So here is the AQS Environmental Solutions checklist to keep yourself safe, snug, and dry this winter.
How to protect water pipes this winter
Make sure you, and all other adults in your household, know where your stop cock is. It might be under your kitchen sink, or under a stop cock cover in the garden or under the pavement outside your home. In an emergency, you might want to turn it off fast. Also, if you do experience an internal flood, you must to immediately turn off your electricity supply. So, it is important to know where the main electricity switch is as well.
Stop cock boxes outside properties should have a polystyrene plug in them to protect against frost. If yours does not, you should be able to get one from a plumbing supplier. Or, as a temporary measure, you can use any insulating material that does not hold water to protect it. But be sure that you do not put other people at risk by creating a trip hazard.
Insulate your pipes
Insulating water pipes is the best way to protect against frost damage and the risk of ice building up and bursting pipes. DIY stores now stock a range of insulation tapes and other materials.
Drain outdoor pipes
Outdoor pipes and hoses should be drained, along with cisterns, tanks, and other water containing structures, if they are not going to be used over winter. Outdoor pipes and water tanks that can’t be drained can be insulated. For example, they could be covered with strips of old carpet. No need to spend money at the DIY store then!
Repair leaking pipes
Look around your property and make sure any leaking pipes are repaired. What is a drip-drip in summer, that you might have overlooked, can become a full-scale emergency if not fixed before winter arrives.
Don’t let temperatures drop to freezing
Keep heating systems going, even if just on a very low temperature, over winter. Also, if you have pipes in the loft that are particularly at risk, open your loft hatch to let a bit of warmth from your home up into the space, if it is safe to do so.
Stop the draughts
Draughts can cause a chill in the home and increase heating bills. They can also allow freezing air get to internal pipes. So, plug gaps with insulation material to protect hidden pipes that might be hard to reach if they freeze.
Be ready to get expert help
It is always good to have the number for a reputable and reliable plumber handy just in case. Remember, plumbers will be in high demand during the worst winter weather, so choose a plumber who you can trust, and will be ready to help.
How to protect drainage pipes this winter
Poorly maintained drains can contribute greatly to the flooding of homes and business premises. During periods of heavy and sustained rainfall, surface water drainage systems and combined sewers can become full.
In both cases, water and sewerage backs up and can emerge on the surface, where it can then flow into nearby buildings. Or it can flood directly in to homes and other buildings. Therefore, protecting and maintaining the drainage pipes that serve your property is the first line of defence against the worst that winter weather can do.
If your home is susceptible to flooding, make sure you have access to sandbags and waterproof sheeting to keep water out. Check that your home insurance fully covers your internal pipework, and flood damage.
Keep drains clear
Autumn leaf fall can lead to blockages that cause problems during heavy rainfall in winter. So, keep drain covers and roof downpipes clear of leaves. If your drain gullies are not fitted with drain protection covers, go out and buy some, or get them fitted by a plumber or drainage specialist
For larger properties, or buildings with a drainage system that has experienced sewer flooding in the past, putting in place a programme of preventative maintenance can be essential. Pipes may have design floors which cause blockage pinch points. Regular cleaning of these pipes may make the difference between being flooded or not over the winter months.
Don’t contribute to blocked drains
Fat and oil used in cooking can block your drains. It hardens in sewer pipes and mixes with other debris to cause blockages. So, don’t pour oil and fat down sinks and drain.
Sanitary products and wipes are also regularly wrongly disposed of by being flushed down toilets, leading to blockages, and mixing with fat to make blockages even worse. So, dispose of all sanitary products and wipes in bins.
Review your drainage system
If you are concerned that your drainage system will not cope, maybe because of past problems, or recent development of your property, you may want to review its capacity and design.
Drainage pipes need to have the correct fall to work properly. They also need to be in good repair. That means being free from blockages, cracks, root ingress and collapses, all of which can seriously reduce their ability to cope with winter weather.
The answer is to have your drainage system surveyed by a reputable drainage specialist, to establish if urgent work is needed to protect your property and prevent flooding during extreme wet weather events.
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